Various Government Housing Schemes for Homebuyers in India

July 09, 2024 in Property Guide

Various Government Housing Schemes for Homebuyers in India


A home is a significant milestone and investment for many individuals and families in India. To facilitate homeownership and boost the real estate sector, the Indian government has introduced several schemes and incentives aimed at homebuyers. This article explores the key government housing schemes that provide substantial benefits to homebuyers in India. Understanding these schemes can help prospective buyers make informed decisions and avail of the financial support available.

I. Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY)

1. Overview

The goal of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY), launched in 2015, is to provide affordable housing for everyone by 2022. The scheme is divided into two components: PMAY-Urban (PMAY-U) and PMAY-Rural (PMAY-G). Its primary objective is to ensure "Housing for All" through financial assistance to the economically weaker sections (EWS), low-income groups (LIG), and middle-income groups (MIG).

2. Benefits and Subsidies

The PMAY scheme offers several benefits, including:

  • Credit-Linked Subsidy Scheme (CLSS): Under CLSS, beneficiaries can avail of interest subsidies on home loans. The subsidy rates vary based on the income group:
    • EWS/LIG: 6.5% interest subsidy on loans up to ₹6 lakh.
    • MIG-I: 4% interest subsidy on loans up to ₹9 lakh.
    • MIG-II: 3% interest subsidy on loans up to ₹12 lakh.
  • Affordable Housing: The scheme promotes affordable housing projects through partnerships with public and private sector entities.
  • Infrastructure Status: Affordable housing projects are given infrastructure status, making them eligible for various tax and financial benefits.

3. Eligibility Criteria

To qualify for PMAY benefits, applicants must meet the following criteria:

  • Income: Annual household income must fall within the specified limits for EWS, LIG, or MIG categories.
  • First-Time Homebuyer: The applicant or their family should not own a pucca house anywhere in India.
  • Location: The house must be located in one of the statutory towns identified by the government.

Meeting these criteria ensures that eligible beneficiaries can avail of the subsidies and benefits under PMAY.

4. Application Process

The application process for PMAY is straightforward:

  1. Online Application: Applicants can apply online through the official PMAY website or Common Service Centers (CSCs).
  2. Verification: The application and documents are verified by the respective urban local bodies or state-level nodal agencies.
  3. Loan Approval: Once verified, the applicant can approach a participating bank or financial institution to apply for a home loan with an interest subsidy.

Completing these steps can help applicants secure the financial support needed to buy their homes under the PMAY scheme.

II. Other Government Housing Schemes in India

Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana (PMGAY)

For rural homebuyers, the Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana (PMGAY), previously known as the Indira Awaas Yojana, aims to provide financial assistance to construct and upgrade housing units in rural areas. Key features include:

  • Financial Assistance: Provides a financial grant of ₹1.2 lakh in plain areas and ₹1.3 lakh in hilly regions for constructing houses.
  • Beneficiary Identification: Beneficiaries are identified through the Socio-Economic Caste Census (SECC) data.
  • Additional Support: Offers additional support for toilets and cooking gas connections under the Swachh Bharat Mission and Ujjwala Yojana.

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III. Schemes and Incentives for Middle-income or Salaried Homebuyers

There are additional schemes and incentives that are directed towards assisting middle-income and salaried homebuyers. They include:

1. Goods and Services Tax (GST) Reduction

  • The government has reduced GST rates on under-construction properties to promote affordable housing.
  • Under-construction properties in affordable housing projects attract a lower GST rate of 1%, whereas other under-construction properties are charged at 5%.

2. Income Tax Benefits

  • Middle-income homebuyers can avail of income tax benefits on the home loan interest under the Income Tax Act. They can claim deductions up to ₹2 lakhs per annum for self-occupied properties.
  • Additionally, deductions on principal repayment can be claimed under Section 80C up to a maximum limit of ₹1.5 lakhs.

3. Stamp Duty and Registration Fee Waivers

  • Some state governments offer partial or complete waivers on stamp duty and registration fees for first-time homebuyers, including middle-income individuals.

IV. State-Level Benefits for Homebuyers

  1. Delhi Development Authority Housing Scheme: Introduced on December 23, 2021, the scheme offers 18,335 flats at discounted rates in localities like Dwarka, Jasola, and Rohini. Eligible applicants include veterans, war widows, SC/ST individuals, and those meeting specified income criteria. The scheme received more than 16,000 applications by March 10, 2022.
  2. Tamil Nadu Housing Board Schemes: Established in 1961, the scheme's goal is to provide affordable housing to Tamil Nadu's urban population. Sub-schemes like Thanjavur Housing Division and Trichy Housing Division cater to various regions. Eligible applicants must be original inhabitants of Tamil Nadu aged over 21.
  3. Maharashtra Housing and Area Development Authority Lottery Scheme: MHADA's lottery scheme offers 1,300 low-cost houses. Eligibility is based on income thresholds and residency in Maharashtra. Monthly income criteria range from Rs. 25,001 to over Rs. 75,000, depending on the flat category.
  4. NTR Housing Scheme (Andhra Pradesh): Initiated in 2016, this scheme aims to provide affordable housing to Andhra Pradesh residents. Eligible applicants must possess a white ration card or BPL card and should not own property under other government housing schemes.

V. Benefits of Government Housing Schemes for Homebuyers

1. Financial Support

Government housing schemes provide significant financial support to homebuyers:

  • Subsidies and Grants: Interest subsidies under PMAY and financial grants under PMGAY reduce the overall cost of homeownership.
  • Tax Benefits: Homebuyers can avail of tax benefits on home loan interest payments and principal repayments under Section 80C and Section 24 of the Income Tax Act.

2. Improved Access to Affordable Housing

These schemes aim to increase the availability of affordable housing:

  • Increased Supply: Promotes the construction of affordable housing units, thereby increasing supply.
  • Public-Private Partnerships: Encourages collaboration between the government and private developers to build affordable housing projects.

3. Enhanced Living Standards

By focusing on infrastructure development and urban transformation, these schemes improve living standards:

  • Modern Infrastructure: Develops urban areas with modern amenities and infrastructure, enhancing the quality of life.
  • Sustainable Development: Promotes sustainable and inclusive development through smart cities and AMRUT.

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VI. How to Avail Government Housing Schemes

Some procedures have to be followed to avail of Government Housing Schemes. These include:

1. Steps to avail of government benefits

To avail of benefits from government housing schemes, follow these steps:

  1. Research and Eligibility: Understand the schemes and check eligibility criteria.
  2. Application: Apply through official websites or designated centres.
  3. Documentation: Submit necessary documents like identity proof, income proof, and property details.
  4. Verification: Wait for verification and approval from relevant authorities.
  5. Loan Application: Apply for a home loan if required, leveraging the subsidies available.

2. Important Documents

Keep the following documents ready for application:

  • Identity Proof: Aadhar card, PAN card, or passport.
  • Income Proof: Salary slips, IT returns, or income certificates.
  • Property Documents: Sale agreement, property tax receipts, or ownership proof.
  • Additional Documents: Bank statements, proof of age, and photographs.

Having these documents prepared ensures a smooth application process.


Government housing schemes and incentives play a vital role in homeownership accessibility and affordability for homebuyers in India. Schemes like Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (PMAY) provide substantial financial support and promote the development of affordable housing. By understanding these schemes and the eligibility and application process, homebuyers can take full advantage of the available benefits and invest in their dream homes with confidence.

For those looking to invest in premium properties, Adani Realty offers a range of options, including flats in Shantigram Ahmedabad and residential property in Ahmedabad. These properties are designed to meet the highest standards, ensuring a sound investment for your future. Also, explore premium properties for sale in Ahmedabad with Adani Realty and secure your dream home with the benefits of government housing schemes.

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